Designed and prototyped in 1989. The 12 is constructed of the same materials as the Nieuport 11 with the exception of the main wing spars which are formed sheet. The 12 is a 2 place ideal for lazy afternoons and first time airplane rides. It is very stable as the original, which was designed to be a photo recon plane. Recommended power plant is the ROTEC R2800 or Rotax 582. Construction is fabric covered tube structure, pull riveted gussets and AN bolts. Plans are oriented to the experienced builder with little instruction needed.